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It is the people who mobilized en masse to prevent the arrest of 14 politicians charged with sedition on 20 September. It is the people who took part in the general strike against police violence after the referendum. It is the people who are now organised peacefully to resist direct rule and defend their institutions.

These same people went on general strike on 8 November to demand freedom for their political prisoners.

However, legality comes to mean very little in a country with a corrupt judicial system, whose government represses the people living in its territory and violates the fundamental right to self-determination of the Human Rights Charter as recently highlighted by UN Human Rights Council Independent Expert Alfred de Zayas. Indeed, the Spanish Government itself has been acting outside its own Constitution.

According to Articles Furthermore, the implementation of direct rule on 27 October, justified through the application of Article of the Constitution, is not within the remit of the Constitution either: Article only enables the central government to issue instructions to autonomic governments or authorities , not to take over the autonomic government and its functions, as is currently the case. Taking control of the Catalan government is not only illegal, it is also undemocratic.

Many Catalans would have liked nothing more than to be able to vote in a referendum that was not blocked by Spain through the confiscation of letters on voting procedures, shutting down of websites, censorship of media and police brutality, amongst other things. Yet, despite these measures, the people managed successfully to organise and carry out the referedum of 1 October.

Despite the Spanish coercion, it is estimated that around Amongst the votes that could be counted, New regional electitons are scheduled for 21 December, which will supposedely determine the road Catalonia will take. However, considering the imprisonment of pro-independence leaders and the great lengths to which Spain has gone to maintain control over Catalonia, the fairness of these elections is not a given. Both claim to govern Catalonia today. However, ultimately, it is up to the Catalans to decide on their future, and their decision should be understood and respected by foreign countries.

This is why so many calls for international solidarity have been issued. After the police violence of 1 October, many people claimed there was no way back.


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Indeed, had Catalans held off from declaring independence and called for regional elections, the Spanish government would still have implemented direct rule under Article In other words, Catalans were put in the situation of choosing between declaring independence unilaterally or losing all of their autonomy. That choice cannot be condemned, especially when faced with a state that represses people, abuses the justice system and manipulates the media. The Catalan question is not an internal problem; it is an international one, which requires the combined mobilisation of people worldwide.

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So far, solidarity protests have been staged all over the world and inter national committees are being set up to put pressure on governments to condemn Spanish repression and recognise the Republic of Catalonia. In the same vein, this article has sought to provide an analysis of the current situation in Catalonia to an international audience, with the aim of explaining the case for international understanding and solidarity.

Readers who wish to show their support can share this article, write to their representatives, visit supportcatalonia. She is also involved in advocacy work to increase access to medicines worldwide.

e-book Importancia de las elecciones de 1936 para la guerra civil española (Spanish Edition)

She is currently doing research for a PhD project on the Latin American Left, social movements and alternatives to neoliberalism. Los dos eran catalanohablantes. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Navigation menu? Regrow Thinning Hair with Meridian Tapping. Kent, Le French Edition. Navigation menu Everyone remembers where civil violence got Spain in the past, and no one wants to go back there.

It is the people who took part in the general strike against police violence after the referendum. It is the people who are now organised peacefully to resist direct rule and defend their institutions. These same people went on general strike on 8 November to demand freedom for their political prisoners.

However, legality comes to mean very little in a country with a corrupt judicial system, whose government represses the people living in its territory and violates the fundamental right to self-determination of the Human Rights Charter as recently highlighted by UN Human Rights Council Independent Expert Alfred de Zayas.

Indeed, the Spanish Government itself has been acting outside its own Constitution. According to Articles Furthermore, the implementation of direct rule on 27 October, justified through the application of Article of the Constitution, is not within the remit of the Constitution either: Article only enables the central government to issue instructions to autonomic governments or authorities , not to take over the autonomic government and its functions, as is currently the case.

Read e-book Importancia de las elecciones de para la guerra civil española (Spanish Edition)

Taking control of the Catalan government is not only illegal, it is also undemocratic. Many Catalans would have liked nothing more than to be able to vote in a referendum that was not blocked by Spain through the confiscation of letters on voting procedures, shutting down of websites, censorship of media and police brutality, amongst other things. Yet, despite these measures, the people managed successfully to organise and carry out the referedum of 1 October. Despite the Spanish coercion, it is estimated that around Amongst the votes that could be counted, New regional electitons are scheduled for 21 December, which will supposedely determine the road Catalonia will take.

However, considering the imprisonment of pro-independence leaders and the great lengths to which Spain has gone to maintain control over Catalonia, the fairness of these elections is not a given. Both claim to govern Catalonia today. However, ultimately, it is up to the Catalans to decide on their future, and their decision should be understood and respected by foreign countries.

This is why so many calls for international solidarity have been issued. After the police violence of 1 October, many people claimed there was no way back. Indeed, had Catalans held off from declaring independence and called for regional elections, the Spanish government would still have implemented direct rule under Article In other words, Catalans were put in the situation of choosing between declaring independence unilaterally or losing all of their autonomy.

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That choice cannot be condemned, especially when faced with a state that represses people, abuses the justice system and manipulates the media. The Catalan question is not an internal problem; it is an international one, which requires the combined mobilisation of people worldwide. So far, solidarity protests have been staged all over the world and inter national committees are being set up to put pressure on governments to condemn Spanish repression and recognise the Republic of Catalonia.

In the same vein, this article has sought to provide an analysis of the current situation in Catalonia to an international audience, with the aim of explaining the case for international understanding and solidarity. Readers who wish to show their support can share this article, write to their representatives, visit supportcatalonia. She is also involved in advocacy work to increase access to medicines worldwide. She is currently doing research for a PhD project on the Latin American Left, social movements and alternatives to neoliberalism.

Los dos eran catalanohablantes.

Get e-book Importancia de las elecciones de 1936 para la guerra civil española (Spanish Edition)

Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Navigation menu? Regrow Thinning Hair with Meridian Tapping. Kent, Le French Edition. Navigation menu Everyone remembers where civil violence got Spain in the past, and no one wants to go back there. Guest Contributions — Bulletin of Advanced Spanish As a result, this history of repression became an integral part of the memory of Catalan people and their sense of collective identity.

But this time — with a logic reminiscent of a previous era — the executive resolved to suppress the process at all costs. The state-police and the Civil Guard, however, would show no such restraint or respect for good policing. Polling stations were ransacked, those queuing to vote manhandled, election officials assaulted, with the result that, after indiscriminate baton charges and the firing of rubber bullets, civilians required hospital treatment. Hands aloft to show they were unarmed, voters repeated the same chants in the face of their Spanish aggressors.

For the less confused, these epithets are more commonly applied to those who use intimidation to prevent the exercise of democracy. In the wake of the referendum, the legal recriminations have begun. President Puigdemont is exiled in Belgium with half of his cabinet. The other half are on remand, accused of sedition or worse. Since this offence requires the presence of violence — an option insistently rejected by the Catalans —, the charge appears bogus and the detainees are now considered political prisoners, guilty of fulfilling a manifesto promise.

Fresh autonomous elections are called for December as direct rule is imposed by a party which, in , returned a mere 11 seats out of in Catalonia. The whole shameful episode is crowned by the indifference shown by the European Union.

El fraude electoral de 1936

Brussels, that greatest of moralists, has buried its head in the sand, refusing to apply political pressure or the life-line of mediation. The posture worryingly recalls the s when, with appeasement and non-intervention, Western Europe turned a blind eye to a conflict in the Peninsula to disastrous effect. Todo cambia para que todo siga igual intones the Spanish version of a well-known French saying. Once again, as I look down the Rambla — which has witnessed repression and violence so many times before — I am left fearing the worst.

The best way to control the nerves is to be as prepared as possible. For me, this meant reading. Annoyingly, you can never do too much. Actual interview practice is crucial. Interviews are about not just having opinions but being able to articulate them and form clear, coherent arguments.